Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is one of the oldest forms of medical system that is still being practiced today. The earliest literature of TCM is The Yellow Emperor’s Inner Canon 黃帝內經 compiled in around 2650 BC. TCM is believed to have been widely practiced prior to that point. It was developed over the course of time through meticulous observations of the human body and the effects of various stimuli including physical, environmental and nature.
TCM is a complete medical system that can treat a wide range of health problems. It is believed to be the origin of all oriental medical systems in Asia including Japan, Korea, Tibet and Vietnam.
The major theories include Yin-Yang, the five elements, meridians, acupuncture points, Qi and Blood, and Zang Fu organ systems.
In order for the body to be healthy, a state of harmony is required, which includes primarily the balance of Yin and Yang in the every part of the body. When the harmony is attained, the Qi and Blood flow freely and normally in the meridians and vessels to nourish tissues in every part of the body. The state of health doesn't stop at the physical body, but includes the mind and spirit. Modern science is just beginning to realize the significance of the connection between the body and the mind. In addition, the practice of TCM puts great emphasis on the management of lifestyle and diet and is more focused on prevention of diseases, as well as the overall well being and happiness.
The practice of Chinese medicine can be extremely broad and includes acupuncture 针灸, auricular therapy 耳療法, Chinese herbs 中藥, Chinese dietary therapy 食療, cupping 拔罐, moxibustion , Tuina 推拿, Qigong 氣功 (such as Tai Chi 太極), gua sha 刮痧 and Tieh Ta 跌打.